Items tagged with: start
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19705741
Posted by jrepinc (karma: 2282)
Post stats: Points: 208 - Comments: 84 - 2019-04-20T10:27:06Z
#HackerNews #adding #can #devices #must #off #physical #spy #start #switches #that #vendors
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HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19669716
Posted by sarthakjain (karma: 470)
Post stats: Points: 157 - Comments: 67 - 2019-04-15T23:16:31Z
#HackerNews #india #iphones #mass #production #start
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Icons represent ideas in a simple, visual way. But we must use them carefully, and only where they help people. Users’ needs must come first, and we shouldn’t be afraid to challenge how people use…
Article word count: 857
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19661603
Posted by open-source-ux (karma: 3520)
Post stats: Points: 142 - Comments: 25 - 2019-04-14T20:45:22Z
#HackerNews #and #avoid #icons #needs #start #temptation #user #with
Icons represent ideas in a simple, visual way. But we must use them carefully, and only where they help people. Users’ needs must come first, and we shouldn’t be afraid to challenge how people use them.
Iʼm an interaction designer working in the team which redesigned the NHS website, previously NHS Choices. Over the years the site had developed lots of different navigation patterns and image styles to address the same user need.
Learning a new language
It’s tempting to throw a few icons on a page. But there are very few that everyone recognises. These include the icons for home, print, and search (the magnifying glass).
Expecting a user to understand a non-universal icon is like expecting them to learn a new language. And we know that most people don’t want to or can’t learn new languages easily.
That said, icons have their advantages. If they’re quickly recognised, they can be good targets for fingers and mouse cursors and they can overcome language barriers.
An icon for every occasion
Examples of the various icons on the NHS Choices website
There was a lack of consistency on the website – there were more than 30 icons, used as navigation, decoration and buttons. Our first task was to audit:
* what icons existed * what user needs they met * whether users understood them * whether they were essential * whether they were accessible
We also looked at the icons’ file formats, styles, sizes, colours and shapes. We also checked if there was any way of measuring their effectiveness with analytics.
We evaluated the 30 icons against two criteria:
* meeting specific user needs or * being essential to the page
and reduced the number to 15.
A set of icons for the NHS
We decided if we were to use icons, they needed to look like they were from the same family. The NHS brand is well established and based on trust, with its distinct blue colour and Frutiger font. We had to be careful about introducing new elements. Rather than using free icons, we decided to create our own.
We had proved through testing that buttons with rounded corners looked more ‘clicky’, so we styled our icons similarly. Our assumption was that icons with rounded corners would stand out among elements such as the NHS logo, which are quite angular and boxy.
Decisions and testing
NHS Choices used a ‘hamburger’ icon to toggle the menu (the main navigation) but, while hamburgers are used on a lot of websites and apps, they aren’t universally understood.
NHS Choices hamburger menu icon
On the new site, the menu link needed to sit in the new header alongside the NHS logo and search link. If we used the hamburger icon, we also needed a supporting label to be accessible (see Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.3.3). But then we lost the benefits of being simple and visually pleasing. The extra clutter would make it harder for users to scan.
‘Menu’ is a simple word and it didn’t fight with the NHS branding. We took it out to test with users.
We found that they had no problem navigating to the correct information via the menu and that their interpretation of the word ‘menu’ fits our model.
The new NHS website header
An example of our new navigation.
Exclamation or question
Exclamation marks and information icons had been used on the website’s health information pages to help users identify warnings and important content.
We took some new versions out to test with users in a shopping centre. To our astonishment, a number of users said that they wouldn’t read the information in the boxes. They likened them to advertising on news sites and overlooked them because of the ambiguity of the icon and the ‘READ ME!!!’ look.
Example of warning call out with exclamation icon
Example of inset text with an i icon
We also found the exclamation icon caused more harm than good. Users who read the boxes misunderstood their importance. Some thought on first glance that the information was more important than emergency ‘call 999’ messaging, which it wasn’t.
So, we replaced the exclamation with the word ‘important’.
Example of warning callout with the heading of important
When we retested, having ‘Important’ worked for warnings. Users read the information and understood its importance. We’ve since added context-specific, short headings which also test well with users.
Removing the information icon was also effective. The blue left border worked well in highlighting information without making it appear more important than it should be.
Example of inset text without icon
Not all icons are bad
Whilst we found words more effective on certain components, some icons work well.
Do and Don’t lists have proved to reassure users. The tick and cross icons support the positive and negative statements and highlight information when users scan a page.
Example of do and don’t list
We also found arrow icons highlight ‘action’ links for users wanting to find help. Theyʼre noticeable but, unlike buttons, users actually read the link.
Example of action link
A final set of NHS icons
After lots of lab testing and pop-up sessions we ended up with a set of 11 icons
Screenshot of the final set of 11 NHS icons
They’re a great start but itʼs important to remember that they were tested in specific contexts for specific needs. You should only add icons if research shows there’s something missing. Underpin everything with user research.
If you’re using the icons available in the NHS.UK frontend library in a health context, please feedback on how they’re working.
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HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19531457
Posted by howard941 (karma: 6194)
Post stats: Points: 93 - Comments: 132 - 2019-03-30T20:01:33Z
#HackerNews #areas #four #internet #lets #mark #needs #new #rules #start #the #these #zuckerberg
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#august #cold war #cold war-era #considers #inf #intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty #kremlin #missile #oan newsroom #pentagon #president trump #president vladimir putin #russia #start #terminating #testing #treaty #vladimir putin
I'm currently a lab technician with a background in microbiology and would love to get into software development; however, I lack experience and I feel I'm too old to ever get a job in the field. I'd appreciate any tip!
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19343521
Posted by serbiruss (karma: 37)
Post stats: Points: 93 - Comments: 65 - 2019-03-09T00:15:17Z
#HackerNews #34-year-old #ask #career #should #software #start #switching #where
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 83 - Loop: 162 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 92
The midterms were just a warmup, NSA's Joyce warns, as work begins to defend 2020 election.
Article word count: 569
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19321330
Posted by deanalevitt (karma: 104)
Post stats: Points: 110 - Comments: 86 - 2019-03-06T18:35:55Z
#HackerNews #advisor #cyber #deterrence #its #nsas #policy #putting #start #teeth #time #top
Rob Joyce, senior advisor to the Director for Cybersecurity National Security Agency (NSA), shown here speaking at the Aspen Cyber Summit in November of 2018, warned at a presentation to DOD contractors that the US needs to be more aggressive in cyber operations to achieve anything resembling deterrence of state hacking attacks.
Enlarge / Rob Joyce, senior advisor to the Director for Cybersecurity National Security Agency (NSA), shown here speaking at the Aspen Cyber Summit in November of 2018, warned at a presentation to DOD contractors that the US needs to be more aggressive in cyber operations to achieve anything resembling deterrence of state hacking attacks.
At an industry event in Hanover, Maryland last week, former National Security Council cybersecurity policy coordinator and acting Homeland Security Advisor Rob Joyce—now back at the National Security Agency as senior advisor to NSA Director General Paul Nakasone—warned that the US government needs to do more than just counter cyber attacks launched against the US. "We have to impose costs in a visible way to start deterrence,” Joyce told attendees of a February 28 Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA) chapter meeting, according to a report by CyberScoopʼs Sean Lyngaas. "We have to go out and try to make those operations less successful and harder to do.”
Citing the WannaCry and NotPetya malware attacks (attributed to North Korea and Russia, respectively, by US intelligence), along with the Russian hacking and disinformation campaigns in the run-up to the 2016 US presidential elections, Joyce said that state-sponsored cyberattacks have been shifting from "exploitation to disruption." While electronic espionage continues, attackers have increasingly focused on doing economic damage to the US and its allies, he said.
Joyce spoke as President Donald Trump was bringing his summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un to an early close—and as North Korean hackers reportedly continued a 15-month campaign targeting US and European businesses.
The comments by Joyce on the election mirrored those of Gen. Nakasone before the Senate Intelligence Committee on January 29. Nakasone and other officials in the intelligence community and US Cyber Command have warned that the US has to start inflicting a larger cost on state actors using cyberattacks for espionage and to create economic and political disruption.
Joyce expressed the pride the NSAʼs workforce took in "delivering a midterm election that was free of malfeasance and interference"—an effort that spanned multiple agencies and reportedly included US Cyber Command efforts to target and take offline individuals associated with Russian disinformation campaigns on social media. And he noted that US agencies are already working hard to prepare to defend the 2020 election.
A Trump administration executive order on cybersecurity last September removed many of the impediments placed by the Obama administration on offensive cyber operations in response to state-funded attacks against US government agencies and businesses. And an update to the Defense Departmentʼs cyber strategy released shortly after the new executive order emphasized DODʼs intent to continuously "defend forward to disrupt or halt malicious cyber activity at its source, including activity that falls below the level of armed conflict."
While Joyce said that efforts to defend the 2018 elections against disruption were largely successful, he acknowledged that the new strategy has not yet resulted in a change in behavior by other states. “So they’re launching unconstrained operations against us," Joyce said at the AFCEA event, "and often, the responses come, if ever, after the costs [of those attacks] are already realized.”
Joyce also warned that "cyberspace superiority," if it was something that could actually be achieved, is "probably fleeting" because of changes in technology, the nature of networks, and the ability of adversaries to observe, understand, and respond to the tools, techniques, and practices used against them.
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Chapter 1: Foundation (Sam Altman) Why Should You Start a Startup? Reality isn’t so glamorous Stressful Always on call Hunched over tables Founder depression Mark and friends @ FB You’ll be the boss?…
Article word count: 15
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19214512
Posted by charleswzx (karma: 81)
Post stats: Points: 156 - Comments: 21 - 2019-02-21T04:20:13Z
#HackerNews #how #notes #start #startup
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google, this is bogus as hell. my dhcp server gives you dns servers to use. please don't make me route and answer 188.8.131.52 just to watch youtube. > 2019-02-13 16:39:40.548137 [#68 vtnet0 4095] \ >…
Article word count: 124
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19170671
Posted by baptou12 (karma: 439)
Post stats: Points: 169 - Comments: 124 - 2019-02-15T13:23:06Z
#HackerNews #8888 #answering #began #chromecast #not #start #ultra #until #would
google, this is bogus as hell. my dhcp server gives you dns servers to use. please donʼt make me route and answer 184.108.40.206 just to watch youtube. > 2019-02-13 16:39:40.548137 [#68 vtnet0 4095] \ > [220.127.116.11].56915 [18.104.22.168].53 \ > dns QUERY,NOERROR,7357,rd \ > 1 lh3.googleusercontent.com,IN,A 0 0 0 > 2019-02-13 16:39:40.548210 [#69 vtnet0 4095] \ > [22.214.171.124].56915 [126.96.36.199].53 \ > dns QUERY,NOERROR,49247,rd \ > 1 lh3.googleusercontent.com,IN,AAAA 0 0 0 (no, this device iʼve paid for, will NOT be allowed to send you any information, other than what i personally approve, which will never include DNS traffic. if you donʼt like that deal, buy it back from me and iʼll find some other video appliance that doesnʼt twist my arm.) -- P Vixie
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