Items tagged with: people
#guncontrol is invented and #sponsored by #globalelites to gain #absolutedictatorialcontrol over #people of this planet
In 2000, EVA Air embarked on its first major long-haul fleet renewal. The airline became one of the launch customers for the Boeing 777-300ER, ordering four aircraft plus eight options. At the same time, the airline placed three orders for the Boeing 777-200LR. In January 2001, EVA Air ordered its first Airbus aircraft, the A330-200. The Boeing 777 aircraft were intended for United States and European services, while the Airbus A330 aircraft were intended for regional Asian routes
hãng máy bay eva
hãng hàng không korean air
vé máy bay đi mỹ giá rẻ
vé máy bay đi mỹ bao nhiêu
giá vé máy bay đi canada
Tri thức du lịch
Những chuyến đi cuộc đời
NewHere. I'm interested in #evaairline, #flight, #food, #koreanairline, #tours, #travel #portrait #city #people #street #travel #europe #italy #urban #architecture #beautiful #nikon #culture #man #music #italia #world #musician #florence #firenze #oldman #accordion #italian #streetphotography #d810 #nikond810 #MichaelLax #michaellaxphoto #500px
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19682510
Posted by mkane848 (karma: 303)
Post stats: Points: 118 - Comments: 153 - 2019-04-17T13:49:50Z
#HackerNews #constantly #employer-sponsored #insurance #lose #people #their
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International flights to Hong Kong, Taiwan and Los Angeles were flown with Boeing 707s until the introduction of the Boeing 747 in 1973. In 1973, the airline introduced Boeing 747s on its Pacific routes and started a European service to Paris, France using the 707 and then McDonnell Douglas DC-10. In 1975, the airline became one of the earliest Asian airlines to operate Airbus aircraft with the purchase of three Airbus A300s, which were put into immediate service on Asian routes. Since South Korean aircraft were prohibited from flying in the airspace of North Korea and the Soviet Union at the time, the European routes had to be designed eastbound from South Korea, such as Gimpo-Anchorage-Paris.
Hãng hàng không Eva Airlines
Mua vé máy bay đi Mỹ giá rẻ
Đặt vé máy bay đi Mỹ giá rẻ
Hãng hàng không Korean Airlines
Đặt vé máy bay đi Canda giá rẻ
NewHere. I'm interested in #portrait #city #people #street #travel #europe #italy #urban #architecture #beautiful #nikon #culture #man #music #italia #world #musician #florence #firenze #oldman #accordion #italian #streetphotography #d810 #nikond810 #MichaelLax #michaellaxphoto #500px
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19668161
Posted by newzisgud (karma: 88)
Post stats: Points: 185 - Comments: 45 - 2019-04-15T19:32:31Z
#HackerNews #death #killed #people #powerpoint #seven #slide #that #the
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A largely empty urban district struggling with billions of dollars in debt demonstrates the breakdown of the Chinese economic growth model.
Article word count: 1346
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19636752
Posted by ilamont (karma: 25888)
Post stats: Points: 124 - Comments: 112 - 2019-04-11T17:08:52Z
#HackerNews #arrive #borrowed #but #chinas #have #heavily #manhattan #people #the #yet
A largely empty urban district struggling with billions of dollars in debt demonstrates the breakdown of the Chinese economic growth model.
Yujiapu Financial District in Tianjin, China, where four-fifths of the office space is empty and the government borrowed heavily to build.CreditCreditGiulia Marchi for The New York Times
Alexandra StevensonCao Li
By Alexandra Stevenson and Cao Li
TIANJIN, China — At a port in Germany, 150 Steinway pianos are waiting to be shipped to this gateway city for the grand opening of the Juilliard School’s second campus.
The air in Tianjin is so dry that the pianos will require climate-controlled rooms, helping to nearly double the cost of the state-of-the-art campus to $225 million.
The extra money is not coming from Juilliard. The local government is footing the bill. And that could become a problem for officials struggling with debt after an epic spending spree to develop a new commercial center from scratch.
Welcome to Yujiapu Financial District, which promotes itself as China’s Manhattan, but may better be seen as a monument to the breakdown of the Chinese growth model. Four-fifths of the office space stands empty. Construction on other buildings has stopped, leaving skeletons in the sky. A sprawling mall has few shoppers. Inside, a pet store has no animals.
The businesses and residents that local officials had hoped to attract have yet to show up. Juilliard, which is expected to draw in students and their families, will open its doors next fall, a rare Western institution taking a chance on this district.
Zhang Zhiyi works as a recruiter for an online education company in a nearby office building. The lonely landscape has translated into a good deal for commercial renters: New tenants get a full year rent-free. Deals abound, the 28-year-old said: “The other buildings aren’t really full, either.”
Chinese local governments are swimming in debt. By official accounts, that debt totals $4.5 trillion. By unofficial estimates, it could be as large as $10 trillion. No one knows for sure because much of the borrowing for projects like the Tianjin Juilliard campus is rarely disclosed.
China has long borrowed heavily to build and then counted on breakneck economic growth to pay it back. The script: Sell vast amounts of land to developers, borrow to subsidize construction, and jobs and new cities will result. It was a model that helped China build its skyscrapers and high-speed rail lines and ushered in an era of prosperity.
But China is not growing as fast as it used to, and it is not clear that the “build it and they will come” model will save Yujiapu and other places with big debts. The national government now must find other ways to spur growth — without making the debt problem worse.
The construction site of the Juilliard School in Yujiapu. The campus will open its doors next fall, the rare Western institution taking a chance on this district.CreditGiulia Marchi for The New York Times
“China’s economy has depended on building for the future, and there are considerable signs that they have overbuilt,” said Logan Wright, director of China research at Rhodium Group, a consulting firm, adding that debt and overcapacity could hold back growth.
“That probably means much slower economic growth in the next decade compared to China’s recent path,” he said.
Tianjin government officials did not respond to a request for comment.
Tianjin, a coastal city just a short train ride from Beijing, had one of the highest growth rates in China. Its success made headlines, and local officials credited “Tianjin spirit, Tianjin speed and Tianjin benefits.”
Then the economy slowed. And local officials in the Binhai New Area, a special economic zone of Tianjin that includes Yujiapu, admitted they overstated growth. They slashed $50 billion from its original figure for 2016, bringing economic output to $100 billion. Today, Tianjin is one of the slowest-growing regions of China and one of the most financially troubled.
By the broadest measure of borrowing in China, called total social financing, Tianjin’s government, corporations and households owe more than $760 billion, according to an estimate by Rhodium Group. The annual interest owed by all borrowers in Tianjin totaled 12 times its annual nominal economic growth, Rhodium said, citing the most recent numbers.
An empty underground shopping mall in Yujiapu.CreditGiulia Marchi for The New York Times
If Yujiapu really is the Manhattan of China, it has a way to go to catch up to the real thing. Its avenues, some nearly as wide as Broadway, are eerily quiet. Many buildings just a few blocks from the Tianjin Juilliard School remain unfinished. The finished ones are mostly empty.
On one recent weekday visit, the door to the sales office for a hulking, unfinished residential building several blocks from the Juilliard campus blew open in the wind. No one was inside. Many of the six-lane roads in the city lack crosswalk lights, in part because they are not needed.
Across the Hai River from Yujiapu is another ghostlike district, Xiangluowan, where the local government encouraged private Chinese developers to build on their own dime. They did, but no one came. Dozens of the buildings in this district are now collateral for huge overdue loans that are being held by local banks.
Zhang Zhiyi, a recruiter for an online education company, said the lonely landscape in Tianjin had translated into good deals for commercial renters. “The other buildings aren’t really full, either,” he said. CreditGiulia Marchi for The New York Times
For now, Tianjin can continue to borrow for projects like the Juilliard campus because it has a powerful patron in Beijing, said Victor Shih, an associate professor at the University of California, San Diego, and an expert on the Chinese economy. That official, He Lifeng, was once the No. 2 Communist Party official in Tianjin. Mr. He now heads the central government agency that approves all major development projects, meaning he can authorize banks to lend more money to Tianjin.
“If the political will collapses for the Binhai area, then the bank loans will begin to dry up and the whole area is in trouble,” Mr. Shih said.
Officials at the National Development and Reform Commission, the agency where Mr. He works, did not respond to a request for comment.
Itʼs quiet in the Yujiapu Financial District, which promotes itself as China’s Manhattan. Businesses that local officials hoped to attract have yet to show up. CreditGiulia Marchi for The New York Times
Despite the empty buildings, the local government keeps borrowing. Last year, Tianjin and entities related to the local government raised $36 billion through new loans, according to data from the People’s Bank of China, the country’s central bank.
Many residents believe Yujiapu’s problems have been overstated and try to cast its emptiness in a positive light. Mr. Zhang, who works for the online recruiter, said technology companies looking for alternatives to expensive places like Beijing and the southern city of Shenzhen could find Tianjin attractive.
“Now, there are quite a lot of internet companies, including some e-commerce platforms,” he said, speculating that these companies could move into his building in the future.
Michael Hart, a real estate consultant in Tianjin, said a resurgence of growth could save the city from its problems.
“It’s like going to see a five-act play,” Mr. Hart said, referring to Yujiapu’s critics, “and you’re halfway through Act 1 and calling it a lousy play.”
For Alexander Brose, the chief executive of the Tianjin Juilliard School, the district will soon benefit from the prestige of the Juilliard name to attract people. On a recent day, he toured the construction site, pointing to what he expected to see next year. Here, a 687-seat concert hall, he said. Over there, a recital space that can hold 299 people. And in the corner, a 250-seat black box theater.
He paused, looking at the hundreds of construction workers welding, hammering and moving steel, and said, referring to the local government, “I think they are looking at this as a feather in the cap of this new project.”
Alexandra Stevenson is a business correspondent based in Hong Kong, covering Chinese corporate giants, the changing landscape for multinational companies and China’s growing economic and financial influence in Asia. @jotted • Facebook
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Many times I see posts that starting in English which is the most common ground to communicate among the others that end filled up in any others languages than English, along the fact that is unkindly and annoying, it goes in the opposite way of the inclusion which should be the reason why a social network exists.
It is true that Mastodon resolved it brilliantly but in Diaspora and Friendica you can't exclude topics because the language that means is up to the users take the task to avoid cross languages in any topic.
However I see there isn't any desire to avoid that behavior and people are quite careless about that, hence I think I will start to ignore all the people that do not respect this very simple, unwritten and basic rule.
#languages #diaspora #friendica #fediverse #federation #people #respect #inclusion
Teaching kids about open source? Don't forget to teach them ethics as well. Back when I started college, in the fall of 1988, I was introduced to a text editor called Emacs. Actually, it wasn't just…
Article word count: 1506
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19606846
Posted by rbanffy (karma: 78922)
Post stats: Points: 158 - Comments: 73 - 2019-04-08T16:49:57Z
#HackerNews #and #for #its #now #open #people #source #time #too #win #winning
Teaching kids about open source? Donʼt forget to teach them ethics as well.
Back when I started college, in the fall of 1988, I was introduced to a text editor called Emacs. Actually, it wasnʼt just called Emacs; it was called "GNU Emacs". The "GNU" part, I soon learned, referred to something called "free software", which was about far more than the fact that it was free of charge. The GNU folks talked about software with extreme intensity, as if the fate of the entire world rested on the success of their software replacing its commercial competition.
Those of us who used such programs, either from GNU or from other, similarly freely licensed software, knew that we were using high-quality code. But to our colleagues at school and work, we were a bit weird, trusting our work to software that wasnʼt backed by a large, commercial company. (I still remember, as a college intern at HP, telling the others in my group that I had compiled, installed and started to use a new shell known as "bash", which was better than the "k shell" we all were using. Their response was somewhere between bemusement and horror.)
As time went on, I started to use a growing number of programs that fit into this "free software" definition—Linux, Perl and Python were the stars, but plenty of others existed, from Emacs (which I use to this day), sendmail (pretty much the only SMTP server at the time), DNS libraries and the like. In 1998, Tim OʼReilly decided that although the "free software" cause was good, it needed better coordination and marketing. Thus, the term "open source" was popularized, stressing the practical benefits over the philosophical and societal ones.
I was already consulting at the time, regularly fighting an uphill battle with clients—small startups and large multinationals alike—telling them that yes, I trusted code that didnʼt cost money, could be modified by anyone and was developed by volunteers.
But marketing, believe it or not, really does work. And the term "open source" did a great job of opening many peopleʼs minds. Slowly but surely, things started to change: IBM announced that it would invest huge amounts of money in Linux and open-source software. Apache, which had started life as an httpd server, became a foundation that sponsored a growing array of open-source projects. Netscape tumbled as quickly as it had grown, releasing its Mozilla browser as open-source software (and with its own foundation) before going bust. Red Hat proved that you could have a successful open-source company based on selling high-quality services and support. And these are just the most prominent names.
With every announcement, the resistance to using open source in commercial companies dropped bit more. As companies realized that others were depending on open source, they agreed to use it too.
Fast-forward to today, and itʼs hard to avoid open-source software. Itʼs everywhere, from the smallest companies to the largest. There are still commercial versions of UNIX, but Linux is really all anyone expects or talks about. And Linux is indeed everywhere. My Python and Git courses have never been in greater demand from companies that want to teach their employees to improve their familiarity with these technologies. Whereas it once was possible for one person to know, and to know about, the majority of major open-source software titles, today thatʼs completely impossible.
Several years ago, while on a flight, my personal screen had some problems. I asked the flight attendant for help, and she told me that itʼs probably easiest just to restart the screen. Imagine my surprise when I saw myself looking at the Linux boot sequence, in my seat at 30,000 feet! It was at this point that I realized that open source, by virtue of being both inexpensive and open for people to examine and modify, had indeed arrived.
Whatʼs amazing to me is how even the companies that were most against open-source software have become advocates—not necessarily out of love, but because thatʼs where the market is heading. Microsoft is not only using open source, itʼs also actively engaging with and supporting the community, encouraging the use of open source, and even contributing.
So, have we made it? The answer, of course, is both yes and no. There is no doubt that open-source software has arrived, succeeding beyond my wildest dreams. I mostly earn my living teaching Python and Git to companies around the world, and itʼs hard to exaggerate the demand for such technologies. Companies are adopting open source as quickly as they possibly can, simultaneously reducing costs and increasing flexibility. Students are learning to use open-source technologies and languages.
So yes, if measured by market penetration and the acceptance that open-source software can compete, we have definitely won. Sure, thereʼs work to do on the desktop, but the achievements to date are real, tangible and impressive.
But, itʼs no longer enough to be widespread or even dominant. As a few people were prescient enough to foresee long ago, our world of interconnected computers, phones and devices is generating enormous quantities of data, stored beyond our reach, analyzed by algorithms we cannot see or check, and being used to make decisions that can affect careers, education and medical care, among other things.
Moreover, the business model that was both clever and profitable for so long, namely advertising, has come with an enormous trade-off, in that a number of corporations know more about us than we even know about ourselves. Whatʼs amazing is that the advertising-supported services are often so good and useful—and free of charge—that we ignore the ramifications of sharing everything about ourselves with them.
From the perspective of todayʼs young people, the internet always has connected us, smartphones always have existed, and the apps we use on our phones and computers always have been free of charge. And if you have to share some of your data, then so what? People no longer seem to be as concerned about privacy and about how much theyʼre sharing with these companies, as was once the case. Perhaps thatʼs because people are getting such obvious benefits from the services they use. But perhaps itʼs because people are unaware of how their data is being used.
The April 2019 issue of Linux Journal is all about kids, but itʼs also our 25th anniversary edition, so itʼs an appropriate time to ask "What should we be teaching our children about open-source software?"
A few years ago, MIT changed its intro computer science course away from the traditional (and brilliant) class that used Scheme to one that used Python. This certainly made big waves and has influenced hundreds of universities that now also use Python. When MIT changed the curriculum, the professors who wrote the course indicated that for todayʼs software engineers, learning to code isnʼt enough. You also need to learn topics such as ethics. Many programmers will be asked to do things that are unethical, so itʼs important to think through the issues before you encounter them at work. Heck, just determining what is considered ethical is a knotty problem in and of itself—one that many developers have probably never considered.
So yes, itʼs important for us to teach kids about Linux and open-source software. But itʼs not enough for us to teach them about the technical parts of things. We also need to inform them of the societal parts of their work, and the huge influence and power that todayʼs programmers have. Itʼs sometimes okay—and even preferable—for a company to make less money deliberately, when the alternative would be to do things that are inappropriate or illegal.
Itʼs important to teach and discuss machine learning—not just as a set of technologies, but also to understand how models work, how they can be wrong, and what you need to do in order to get them right. Itʼs important to discuss how and when such algorithms should be shared with the public and made available to public audit.
And, itʼs important to explain that no one has a perfect answer to these issues. Itʼs okay to have disagreements. But raising these questions and problems is a major responsibility, and itʼs important that kids learn from an early age that programming has real-world implications—some of them potentially bad. We donʼt let people drive until they have demonstrated at least the minimum understanding of how their actions can affect others. Iʼm not suggesting we require programmers be licensed, but that we raise these important points frequently.
Linux Journal has been at the forefront of the Open Source movement for 25 years now, pushing and encouraging us to imagine a world where software is of high quality, available to all, at low or no cost, and that invites us to experiment and tinker. Iʼm proud to have been writing for this publication for much of that time—since 1996. And although this column generally will continue to have a technical focus, Iʼm glad that Linux Journal, as a publication, is focusing on the societal impacts of our work.
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HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19596289
Posted by znpy (karma: 3172)
Post stats: Points: 129 - Comments: 101 - 2019-04-07T12:06:33Z
#HackerNews #and #foods #for #healthier #pdf #people #planet
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‘Secret’ #DMV office serving #California lawmakers would be closed under #GOP proposal
It’s all but impossible to find for those who don’t know what they’re looking for.
#Room-121 rests at the end of an #isolated #hallway across the street from the #Capitol, is locked at all times and has no signage whatsoever. The only indicator of its existence is a peephole outside the front door.
The #special #Department-of-Motor-Vehicles #office is closed to the #public, and if one #Republican gets his way, it will be #closed to the #lawmakers and Capitol staff members using it.
“There’s a #secret #DMV across from the state Capitol with streamlined service that’s only #available to #members of the #Legislature and a select group of #political #insiders,” said Republican #Assemblyman #KevinKiley of #GraniteBay. “This is supposed to be a #government of the #people, by the people and for the people, not an #oligarchy where a #gilded #political-class enjoys #privileges that aren’t available to the people that we represent.”
Beneath the streets of Beijing, people live in an underground universe constructed during the Cold War era.
Article word count: 671
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19588395
Posted by Jerry2 (karma: 15174)
Post stats: Points: 105 - Comments: 47 - 2019-04-06T00:39:30Z
#HackerNews #2017 #beijing #bunkers #live #million #nuclear #people #underground
In the late ’60s and ‘70s, anticipating the devastation of a Cold War-nuclear fallout, Chairman Mao directed Chinese cities to construct apartments with bomb shelters capable of withstanding the blast of a nuclear bomb. In Beijing alone, roughly 10,000 bunkers were promptly constructed.
But when China opened its door to the broader world in the early ’80s, Beijing’s defense department seized the opportunity to lease the shelters to private landlords, eager to profit from converting the erstwhile fallout hideaways into tiny residential units.
Now when night falls, more than a million people—mostly migrant workers and students from rural areas—vanish from Beijing’s bustling streets into the underground universe, little known to the world above.
RELATED: Chinaʼs Dead Sea Transforms Into Rainbow - Hereʼs Why
Fascinated by the phenomenon, Italian photographer Antonio Faccilongo arrived in Beijing to document it in December 2015. Although the bunkers are not hard to find—they are located in virtually all parts of the city—getting access proved to be difficult.
It seemed everywhere Faccilongo went, a neighborhood security guard would turn him away, citing a law barring foreigners from entering such nuclear refuges. Dismayed, he submitted an official request with the local government, which was rejected. Finally, Faccilongo slipped by when guards were off-site for lunch.
But even after Faccilongo attained access, he found many residents wary, in some cases embarrassed, of being photographed.
“I met around 150 people, and only 50 gave me permissions [to photograph them],” Faccilongo says. “Some of them are afraid because they told their families [back home] that they have good jobs and are living in good apartments.”
The living conditions in the bunkers are indeed harsh. Although they were built with electricity, plumbing and a sewage system in order to shelter people for months in wartime or fallout, the lack of proper ventilation makes the air stagnant and moldy. Residents share kitchens and restrooms that are often cramped and unsanitary.
Local laws require a minimal living space of 4 square meters (43 square feet) per tenant, which, in many cases, go ignored. One of Faccilongo’s photographs pictures 4-year-old Jing Jing, who lives with her grandmother, father and younger brother in a room so tiny that only a bed can fit. Their home is next to a larger space used as a parking lot for motorbikes. “This is one of the poorest places I went to,” Faccilongo says.
In 2010, grappling with issues of landlord neglect and safety hazards, Beijing prohibited nuclear shelters and other storage spaces for residential use, but the clean-up efforts have been difficult and fruitless thus far. The main reason—the bunker residents have nowhere to go.
Over the past few decades, Beijing has witnessed skyrocketing housing prices. On average, one square meter (10.8 square feet) of residential real estate costs $5,820, making it the world’s third most expensive city to live in.
Millions have nonetheless migrated from rural areas to the capital in search of better opportunities. But Hukou, an outdated household registration system, ties an individualʼs welfare benefits to their places of origin.
And with limited access to public, affordable housing, nuclear bunkers are one of the few feasible options for migrant workers. Faccilongo says a small unit can go for as little as $40 a month, and larger, dormitory-style rooms capable of housing as many as 10 people, can be afforded for as little as $20 a month.
Many of the residents are aspiring youth who believe that underground dwelling is just a transitional phase of their life until they gain the financial means for a room with windows and sunlight.
Another phenomenon of recent years has been organizations converting empty shelters into community centers. Faccilongo has encountered spaces transformed into a dining room, a billiard room, a karaoke and a calligraphy school.
These centers provide residents living in Beijing’s concrete jungle an opportunity to mingle across societal classes that are otherwise somewhat rigid and imposing. Or as Faccilongo puts it: The bunkers have become a unifying force in the society, where “both poor and rich” find homes.
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A Rejoinder to the Malicious and Slanderous Publicity of the AFP-PNP On the NPA’S Improvised Explosive Devices and on “Localized Peace Talks” to Malign the Revolutionary Movement in the Ilocos-Cordillera
Since the time the NPA have been using the so-called Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) to advance the National Democratic Revolution through People’s War against the Filipino people’s three basic problems of US imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat capitalism, the fascist commanding officers of the reactionary AFP-PNP forces – who are the candid protectors of the big landlords and big comprador bourgeoisie and their US-imperialist master – blatantly shout that the revolutionary Army of the Filipino people are the violators of the international laws and rules of war. The NPA’s National Operations Command (NOC) has often made clarifications that NPA commanders and combatants always and at all times adhere to the laws and rules of war in waging the People’s War. Nonetheless, the AFP-PNP commanders continue to slander the NPA and the armed Filipino masses.
While the Regional Operations Command (ROC) of the NPA in the Ilocos-Cordillera Region salute to the highest degree the Leonardo Pacsi Command and its Red commanders and combatants for successively and successfully launching three (3) tactical offensives in Moutain Province against the AFP-PNP last March 29, March 31 and April 2, which led to the death of three (3) and the wounding of nine (9) enemies of the people, it is but proper to send to the print, broadcast and social media this rejoinder to the malicious and slanderous publicity of the AFP-PNP on the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to malign the NPA and the whole revolutionary movement. After said NPA tactical offensives, Lt. Col. Narciso Nabulneg Jr., commander of the 54th IB, also the 503rd Infrantry Brigade Commander as well as Lt. Col. Isagani Nato, the PA Northern Luzon Command spokesperson, kept on denouncing the NPA for using IEDs which, they claim spitefully, are prohibited by the United Nations’ international laws. Calling the NPA revolutionary forces as terrorists, the reactionary and fascist AFPPNP commanders at the national and regional levels still go on to the extent of broadcasting their ridiculous declarations that the NPAs are using IEDs only to hide their declining strength, that peace and development in the Cordillera and the Philippines would be achieved through “localized peace talks”, and that the US-Duterte tyrannical regime’s “Whole-of-Nation Approach, 12 Pillars and National Task Force” would finally end the CPP-NPA-NDFP by 2022.
The revolutionary principles of the NPA in using the Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) do not at all contradict but follow the rules and instructions, written in the “CONVENTION OF THE PROBIHITION OF THE USE, STOCKPILING, PRODUCTION AND TRANSFER OF ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION”. This Convention was done by the 133 members of the United Nations at Oslo, Norway, on 18 September 1997. It has been ratified, accepted and approved by 133 nations, including the Philippines; but this has never been acknowledged and recognized, and up to now, has been totally ignored and rejected, by the government of the United States of America.
The Convention is “determined to put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by antipersonnel mines, that kill or maim hundreds of people every week, mostly innocent and defenseless civilians and especially children, obstruct economic development and reconstruction, inhibit the repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons, and have other severe consequences for years after emplacement.” Specifically, it prohibits the “Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which May Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects”.
Even in an armed conflict, whether internal in a country (like what is happening now in the Philippines) or between two countries, the Convention states that “Basing themselves on the principle of international humanitarian law that the right of the parties to an armed conflict to choose methods or means of warfare is not unlimited, on the principle that prohibits the employment in armed conflicts of weapons, projectiles and materials and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering and on the principle that a distinction must be made between civilians and combatants”. What the Convention particularly prohibits also is “the use of mines, booby-traps and other devices” that are “designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle”. Thus, the IEDs – that are competently developed, produced and used by the NPA solely against the armed enemies of the exploited and oppressed people, i.e. the fascist AFP-PNP and their para-military troops – are not covered by the prohibitions of the Convention because it permits and does not ban command detonated bombs, and the NPA do not at all target civilians in launching tactical offensives and in pursuing the People’s War. Such command detonated bombs, being exploded by the NPA exclusively against the reactionary AFP-PNP forces in places outside civilian population, are detonated by NPA explosive experts based on the command of the Company Commander or Platoon Leader.
So why then does the US-imperialist government, well protected by their imperialist CIA and armed powers, deny and reject said Convention? Because such prohibitions totally castigate and denounce US imperialism in its current war of aggressions and armed interventions to maintain and expand its global monopolies and hegemony against many nations by massively using weapons of mass destructions, cluster bombs, chemical and biological weapons, artilleries, missiles and nuclear facilities and forces (submarines, ships, planes) without any distinction between civilians and combatants. And look what the US did to the people of Nagasaki and Hiroshima; to Vietnam and Korea and other Asian and Latin American countries; to people of Libya, Iraq and other countries in the Middle East.
And though the reactionary Philippine government ratified, approved and signed the said Convention at Ottawa, Canada and at the UN Headquarters in New York on 3 December 1997, its fascist AFP-PNP forces have never totally implemented the laws and rules of the UN Convention. Guided by and based on the US-imperialist global Counter-Insurgency (COIN) Guide, all the APF-PNP Operation Plans of past puppet regimes since 1997 to the present – the US-Ramos’ Oplan Lambat Bitag 4 and Oplan Sandugo I & II; the US-Estrada’s “All-out War” and Oplan Balangai; the US-Arroyo’s Oplan Bantay Laya I & II; the US-Aquino II’s Oplan Bayanihan; and the US-Duterte tyrannical regime’s “total war” through his Oplan Kapayapaan and “Whole-of-Nation Approach” (WNA) through his “12 Pillars” and implemented by his “National Task Force” (NTF), which is actually a de facto Martial Law throughout the Philippines – have been and are continuously using airborne bombings that have boundless and indiscriminate effects on the civilians, their communities and the environment. Consider the destructive consequences of what killer Duterte have done to the Moro people of Marawi City! All these are crimes against humanity, particularly against the Filipino people.
Tyrant Duterte’s daydream to end the NPA and the Filipino people’s armed revolution by 2022 will totally fail because his “Whole-of-National Approach”, “12 pillars” and “National Task Force” do not address but only reinforce daily the root causes of the armed conflict, which are US imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat capitalism that have buried the exploited and oppressed Filipino masses into increasing poverty and impoverishment. Tyrant Duterte’s “Whole-of-Nation Approach” is itself a state fascism that continues to slaughter the struggling workers, urban poor, peasants, national minorities, women, youth, lawyers, media people, human rights defenders, Church people, and including the political oppositionists of killer Duterte. Killer Duterte’s “12 Pillars” are actually aggravating the deteriorating socio-economic conditions of the Filipino masses through high taxes and TRAIN law, excessive foreign loans for his “Build, Build, Build” projects, high prices/inflation, contractualization, depressed wages, corruption and promoting shabu smuggling and trade in the facade of “anti-drug war”. Killer Duterte has ordered his pro-US imperialist AFP and PNP to control and use the “National Task Force” in order to militarize the whole national and local bureaucracy, and has de facto put the whole nation to martial law.
Duterte and his fascist military and police continue to step up further various extra-judicial killings, surveillances, baseless arrests, red-tagging and trumped-up criminal cases against the legal democratic forces and all critics and political oppositionists, including members of the NDPF peace negotiation panelists and consultants. And after terminating through Proclamation No. 360 the peace negotiations between the GRP and the NDFP, tyrant Duterte and his fascist AFP-PNP commanders have been and are coercing all government agencies to implement localized peace negotiations that are nationally directed and supervised. But the fact remains that localized peace negotiations will neither solve the root causes of the People’s War being waged by the NPA and the Filipino armed masses, nor respond to the Filipino people’s aspiration for a just and lasting peace.
In actual facts, tyrant Duterte and his pro-US imperialist armed forces and police have actually become the best recruiters for the NPA, and are daily compelling the Filipino masses to take up arms and join the NPA. By terminating the peace negotiations between the GRP and the NDFP, killer Duterte and his reactionary AFP and PNP are encouraging the Filipino masses to wage the People’s War in order to advance the National Democratic Revolution, continue building the Filipino people’s revolutionary democratic government, pursue the agrarian revolution and national industrialization, and at all times stand for national sovereignty and democracy as well as social justice. The revolution shall surely terminate the class dictatorship of big landlords and big comprador bourgeoisie, and end finally and thoroughly the unbridled pro-US imperialist puppetry, neo-liberalism, fascism, corruption, economic plunder, repression and abuses, poverty and impoverishment of the Filipino people, for socialist construction to finally commence nation-wide.
Long live the New People’s Army!
Join the New People’s Army and the People’s War!
Advance the People’s War to higher stages up to final nation-wide victory!
- Martin Montana, spokesperson of the NPA-Ilocos Cordillera Region (Chadli Molintas Command)
#cppnpandf #cppnpa #NPA #newpeoplesarmy #Philippines #communism #fascism #Duterte #police #military #civilwar #peopleswar #IED #AFP #PNP #servethepeople #OustDuterte #masses #Filipino #people #puppet #neoliberalism #imperialism #war #bourgeoisie #oppression #corruption #socialjustice #nationaldemocracy #democracy #revolution #philippinerevolution #semicolonialism #semifeudalism #feudalism #US #America #UnitedStates
Second-order thinking is a mental model that smart people like Warren Buffett & Howard Marks use to avoid problems. Read this article to learn how it works.
Article word count: 603
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19577742
Posted by arunc (karma: 3191)
Post stats: Points: 122 - Comments: 60 - 2019-04-04T22:30:17Z
#HackerNews #2016 #outperform #people #second-order #smart #thinking #use #what
Mental Model Second Order Thinking
Things are not always as they appear. Often when we solve one problem, we end up unintentionally creating another one that’s even worse. The best way to examine the long-term consequences of our decisions is to use second-order thinking.
It’s often easier to identify when people didn’t adequately consider the second and subsequent order impacts. For example, consider a country that, wanting to inspire regime change in another country, funds and provides weapons to a group of “moderate rebels.” Only it turns out that those moderate rebels will become powerful and then go to war with the sponsoring country for decades. Whoops.
The ability to think through problems to the second, third, and nth order—or what we will call second-order thinking for short—is a powerful tool that supercharges your thinking.
In his exceptional book, The Most Important Thing, Howard Marks explains the concept of second-order thinking, which he calls second-level thinking.
First-level thinking is simplistic and superficial, and just about everyone can do it (a bad sign for anything involving an attempt at superiority). All the first-level thinker needs is an opinion about the future, as in “The outlook for the company is favorable, meaning the stock will go up.” Second-level thinking is deep, complex and convoluted.
First-order thinking is fast and easy. It happens when we look for something that only solves the immediate problem without considering the consequences. For example, you can think of this as I’m hungry so let’s eat a chocolate bar.
Second-order thinking is more deliberate. It is thinking in terms of interactions and time, understanding that despite our intentions our interventions often cause harm. Second order thinkers ask themselves the question “And then what?” This means thinking about the consequences of repeatedly eating a chocolate bar when you are hungry and using that to inform your decision. If you do this you’re more likely to eat something healthy.
First-level thinking looks similar. Everyone reaches the same conclusions. This is where things get interesting. The road to out-thinking people can’t come from first-order thinking. It must come from second-order thinking. Extraordinary performance comes from seeing things that other people can’t see.
Second order thinking graph
Improving Your Ability To Think
Here are three ways you can use to put second order thinking into practice today.
1. Always ask yourself “And then what?”
2. Think through time — What do the consequences look like in 10 minutes? 10 months? 10 Years? ^ 1
3. Create templates like the second image above with 1st, 2nd, and 3rd order consequences. Identify your decision and think through and write down the consequences. If you review these regularly you’ll be able to help calibrate your thinking.
4. (Bonus) If you’re using this to think about business decisions, ask yourself how important parts of the ecosystem are likely to respond. How will employees deal with this? What will my competitors likely do? What about my suppliers? What about the regulators? Often the answer will be little to no impact, but you want to understand the immediate and second-order consequences before you make the decision.
A lot of extraordinary things in life are the result of things that are first-order negative, second order positive. So just because things look like they have no immediate payoff, doesn’t mean that’s the case. All it means is that you’ll have less competition if the second and third order consequences are positive because everyone who thinks at the first order won’t think things through.
Second-order thinking takes a lot of work. It’s not easy to think in terms of systems, interactions, and time. However, doing so is a smart way to separate yourself from the masses.
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Komodo dragons are a protected species and considered to be the largest living lizard in the world.
Article word count: 268
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19567129
Posted by jonbaer (karma: 43554)
Post stats: Points: 126 - Comments: 61 - 2019-04-03T20:46:12Z
#HackerNews #are #because #closing #dragons #island #komodo #people #stealing #tourists
Indonesia’s famous Komodo island (home of the Komodo dragon) will likely close to tourists after cops busted a ring of lizard smugglers last month.
According to Indonesia’s Tempo newspaper, the government will temporarily close the popular tourist attraction in January 2020. A reopening date has not been announced.
During the closure, conservationists will examine the lizards’ food supply, work on preserving endemic plant species, and survey the natural environment. Conservation authorities hope that the closure will help grow the Komodo dragon population.
The closure was announced after the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry revealed that it had busted a smuggling ring that was going to sell 41 Komodo dragons. The lizards were selling for about $35,000 (500 million rupiah) each.
Komodo dragons are a protected species and considered to be the largest living lizard in the world. It is capable of growing up to 10 feet long and weighing up to 200 pounds. They have a poisonous saliva and can be dangerous — but the World Animal Foundations estimates there are only about 6,000 left in the wild, all concentrated in Indonesia’s Komodo National Park.
But it will still be possible to see the animal come 2020. Only Komodo island — which has an estimated Komodo population of about 1,800 lizards — will close to tourists. It will be possible to see the animals in other parts of the national park, including Rinca and Gili Motong islands.
This is not the first popular tourist island that has closed for conservation purposes. In 2017, Thailand indefinitely closed four of its islands to protect the coral reefs from overtourism.
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