Items tagged with: outbreak
measles vaccination order will face legal challenge
Children’s Health Defense ( #CHD ) is supporting a #legal challenge to this #dangerous, #unprecedented #overreach. While the City has unquestionable authority to control #disease outbreaks, it may not violate the bedrock principle of prior, #free and #informed #consent to all #medical interventions, including #vaccines. This is a #fundamental #human #right. The City may #quarantine, #isolate, trace contacts and strongly urge vaccination, but it may not impose such a #draconian #mandate without demonstrating necessity, #reasonableness, #proportionality, harm avoidance, #non-discrimination, due process and equal protection. The #Commissioner has #failed to do this; the City’s actions violate #NewYork State law.I am not. this is how #democrats operate- by #force and #violence or the #threat of violence. It's in their #nature.
CHD board member Mary Holland commented, "I am shocked that Mayor #deBlasio would resort to such #police-state techniques to control an #outbreak of #measles. I don’t believe the City’s actions will withstand legal #scrutiny." CHD Chairman #RobertFKennedy Jr. is confident their legal challenge will prevail.
I am shocked...
#NYC #measles #ForcedVaccination
Unvaccinated children are barred from public spaces after 153 cases in Rockland County, New York.
Article word count: 728
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19498669
Posted by dustinmoris (karma: 2803)
Post stats: Points: 81 - Comments: 94 - 2019-03-27T07:10:21Z
#HackerNews #county #declares #emergency #measles #new #outbreak #york
A child receives a vaccination against measles, 16 April 2018 Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Despite the dangers, vaccination rates for measles are declining in many countries
A county in New York state has declared a state of emergency following a severe outbreak of measles.
Rockland County, on the Hudson river north of New York City, has barred unvaccinated children from public spaces after 153 cases were confirmed.
Violating the order will be punishable by a fine of $500 (£378) and up to six months in prison.
The announcement follows other outbreaks of the disease in Washington, California, Texas and Illinois.
Vaccination rates have dropped steadily in the US with many parents objecting for philosophical or religious reasons, or because they believe misleading information that vaccines cause autism in children.
"We will not sit idly by while children in our community are at risk," Rockland County Executive Ed Day said.
"This is a public health crisis and it is time to sound the alarm."
Why has this county taken action?
The outbreak in Rockland County is largely concentrated in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community, the New York Times reported. It is believed it could have spread from other predominantly ultra-Orthodox areas around New York which have already seen outbreaks of measles.
Mr Day said health inspectors had encountered "resistance" from some local residents, which he branded "unacceptable and irresponsible".
"Theyʼve been told ʼWeʼre not discussing this, do not come backʼ when visiting the homes of infected individuals as part of their investigations," he said.
Dylan Skriloff, the editor of local newspaper the Rockland County Times, told the BBC the number of measles cases in the county had been increasing steadily in recent weeks.
"The first reports came six months ago, and each week weʼve had a new report with increased numbers," he said.
"Itʼs become clear that itʼs not abating, and the authorities... donʼt want to accept [this reality] as the new normal."
Skriloff said that the authorities had been making "steady progress" in encouraging religious communities to immunise children but communication had broken down in the last month.
"The rate of immunisation in the religious communities, for young people, itʼs about 50%-60%, which is not nearly enough."
Officials said the order, which bans anyone under the age of 18 who has not been vaccinated from places such as schools, shopping centres, restaurants and places of worship, would come into effect at midnight on Wednesday and last 30 days.
Rockland County has a population of more than 300,000.
Why are there so many outbreaks?
By James Gallagher, health and science correspondent, BBC News
Both Europe and the US are dealing with outbreaks of measles, but why now?
Nothing has changed about the virus; the answer instead lies in human behaviour.
Myths about the vaccine causing autism have been debunked but are still affecting the number of children being immunised. And complacency from a generation of parents unfamiliar with the dangers of measles has also had an effect.
So with every year that goes by, the total number of unvaccinated people grows, often in pockets in some communities. It is like an ever-growing tinderbox just waiting for a spark.
Measles still runs rampant in many parts of the world - it kills around 90,000 people a year. All it takes is a bit of travel for measles to reach those vulnerable pockets and spread like wildfire.
What has happened elsewhere with measles vaccinations?
Measles is a highly infectious disease and can cause serious health complications, including damage to the lungs and brain.
But despite the dangers, vaccination rates are declining in many countries.
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media captionThere have also been outbreaks of measles in Europe
In the UK, the government is seeking new legislation to force social media companies to remove content promoting false information about vaccines.
There were more than 82,500 cases in Europe in 2018 - the highest number in a decade and three times the total reported in 2017.
The World Health Organization has declared the anti-vaccine movement to be one of the top global health threats for 2019.
Have you been affected by the order put in place? What is your reaction? You can share your views by emailing email@example.com
Please include a contact number if you are willing to speak to a BBC journalist. You can also contact us in the following ways:
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Tensions are high regarding vaccines lately.
Due to a #measles #outbreak in the United States, frightened people are pushing an #agenda to take an important #medical decision out of the hands of parents. They’re calling for federally mandated #vaccines. They’re calling for the shaming of #parents who have chosen not to vaccinate their #children.
The #hysteria is running high, fueled by fear and memes.
Whether you opt to vaccinate or not to vaccinate, I think we can agree we all want what’s best for our children.
The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons opposes #federally #mandated vaccines.
An important letter was presented last week to the #Senate subcommittee that is discussing federal laws that #force parents to vaccinate their children. The statement below is from The Association of American #Physicians and #Surgeons, and they have come out strongly in opposition to the possibility of federally mandated vaccines.
No matter what your opinion is on vaccinating children, please read this.
To: Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee, House Energy and Commerce Committee
Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions
Re: Statement federal vaccine mandates
Feb. 26, 2019
The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) strongly opposes federal interference in medical decisions, including mandated vaccines. After being fully informed of the risks and benefits of a medical procedure, patients have the #right to reject or accept that procedure. The regulation of medical practice is a state function, not a federal one. Governmental preemption of patients’ or parents’ decisions about accepting drugs or other medical interventions is a serious #intrusion into #individual #liberty, autonomy, and parental decisions about child-rearing.
A public health threat is the rationale for the policy on mandatory vaccines. But how much of a threat is required to justify forcing people to accept government-imposed risks? Regulators may intervene to protect the public against a one-in-one million risk of a threat such as #cancer from an involuntary exposure to a toxin, or-one-in 100,000 risk from a voluntary (e.g. occupational) exposure. What is the risk of death, cancer, or crippling complication from a vaccine? There are no rigorous safety studies of sufficient power to rule out a much lower risk of complications, even one in 10,000, for vaccines. Such studies would require an adequate number of subjects, a long duration (years, not days), an #unvaccinated control group (“placebo” must be truly inactive such as saline, not the adjuvant or everything-but-the-intended-antigen), and consideration of all adverse health events (including neurodevelopment disorders).
Vaccines are necessarily risky, as recognized by the U.S. Supreme Court and by Congress. The Vaccine Injury Compensation Program has paid some $4 billion in damages, and high hurdles must be surmounted to collect compensation. The damage may be so devastating that most people would prefer restored function to a multimillion-dollar damage award.
The #smallpox vaccine is so dangerous that you can’t get it now, despite the weaponization of smallpox. Rabies vaccine is given only after a suspected exposure or to high-risk persons such as veterinarians. The whole-cell pertussis vaccine was withdrawn from the U.S. market, a decade later than from the Japanese market, because of reports of severe permanent brain damage. The acellular vaccine that replaced it is evidently safer, though somewhat less effective.
The risk: benefit ratio varies with the frequency and severity of disease, vaccine safety, and individual patient factors. These must be evaluated by patient and physician, not imposed by a government agency.
#Measles is the much-publicized threat used to push for mandates, and is probably the worst threat among the vaccine-preventable illnesses because it is so highly contagious. There are occasional outbreaks, generally starting with an infected individual coming from somewhere outside the U.S. The majority, but by no means all the people who catch the measles have not been vaccinated. Almost all make a full recovery, with robust, life-long immunity. The last measles death in the U.S. occurred in 2015, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC). Are potential measles complications including death in persons who cannot be vaccinated due to immune deficiency a justification for revoking the rights of all Americans and establishing a precedent for still greater restrictions on our right to give—or withhold—consent to medical interventions? Clearly not.
Many serious complications have followed MMR vaccination, and are listed in the manufacturers’ package insert, though a causal relationship may not have been proved. According to a 2012 report by the Cochrane Collaboration, “The design and reporting of safety outcomes in #MMR vaccine studies, both pre- and post-marketing, are largely inadequate” (cited by the National Vaccine Information Center).
Mandate advocates often assert a need for a 95% immunization rate to achieve #herd #immunity. However, Mary Holland and Chase Zachary of NYU School of Law argue, in the Oregon Law Review, that because complete herd immunity and measles eradication are unachievable, the better goal is for herd effect and disease control. The best outcome would result, they argue, from informed consent, more open communication, and market-based approaches.
Even disregarding adverse vaccine effects, the results of near-universal vaccination have not been completely positive. Measles, when it does occur, is four to five times worse than in pre-vaccination times, according to Lancet Infectious Diseases, because of the changed age distribution: more adults, whose vaccine-based immunity waned, and more infants, who no longer receive passive immunity from their naturally immune mother to protect them during their most vulnerable period.
Measles is a vexing problem, and more complete, forced vaccination will likely not solve it. Better public health measures—earlier detection, contact tracing, and isolation; a more effective, safer vaccine; or an effective treatment are all needed. Meanwhile, those who choose not to vaccinate now might do so in an outbreak, or they can be isolated. #Immunosuppressed patients might choose isolation in any event because vaccinated people can also possibly transmit measles even if not sick themselves.
Issues that #Congress must consider:
- Manufacturers are virtually immune from product liability, so the incentive to develop safer products is much diminished. Manufacturers may even refuse to make available a product believed to be safer, such as monovalent measles vaccine in preference to MMR (measles-mumps-rubella). Consumer refusal is the only incentive to do better.
- There are enormous conflicts of interest involving lucrative relationships with vaccine purveyors.
- Research into possible vaccine adverse effects is being quashed, as is dissent by professionals.
- There are many theoretical mechanisms for adverse effects from vaccines, especially in children with developing brains and immune systems. Note the devastating effects of Zika or rubella virus on developing humans, even though adults may have mild or asymptomatic infections. Many vaccines contain live viruses intended to cause a mild infection. Children’s brains are developing rapidly—any interference with the complex developmental symphony could be ruinous.
- Vaccines are neither 100% safe nor 100% effective. Nor are they the only available means to control the spread of disease.
AAPS believes that #liberty rights are #unalienable. Patients and parents have the right to refuse vaccination, although potentially contagious persons can be restricted in their movements (e.g. as with Ebola), as needed to protect others against a clear and present danger. #Unvaccinated persons with no exposure to a disease and no evidence of a disease are not a clear or present danger.
Jane M. Orient, M.D., Executive Director
Association of American Physicians and Surgeons
Regardless of our opinions on vaccines, we all want to do what is best for our children.
#typhus #outbreak #thirdworld
Ethan Lindenberger had never received vaccines for diseases like polio or measles because his mom is anti-vaccine. Now he's 18, he's finally getting his shots.
Article word count: 776
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19125749
Posted by evo_9 (karma: 43381)
Post stats: Points: 76 - Comments: 66 - 2019-02-10T00:58:11Z
#HackerNews #belief #despite #during #gets #measles #moms #outbreak #teen #vaccines
Measles is a highly contagious illness that can cause serious health problems, including brain damage, deafness and, in rare cases, death. Vaccination can prevent measles infections.
Ethan Lindenberger is getting vaccinated for well, just about everything.
Heʼs 18 years old, but had never received vaccines for diseases like hepatitis, polio, measles, mumps, rubella, or the chickenpox.
Lindenbergerʼs mother, Jill Wheeler, is anti-vaccine. He said she has been influenced by online misinformation, such as a debunked study that claimed certain vaccines were linked with autism, or a theory that vaccines cause brain damage. Incorrect ideas like these have spread like wildfire, so much so that the CDC has explicitly tried to combat them, posting pages like "Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism."
Lindenbergerʼs eldest sister is vaccinated, and his eldest brother is partially immunized, but once his mother found out that she had the right to opt-out of vaccinations, she chose not to vaccinate her younger five children.
"God knows how Iʼm still alive," Lindenberger wrote on Reddit last November.
Despite his motherʼs belief that vaccines are bad, Ethan Lindenberger decided to get his shots.
Courtesy of Ethan Lindenberger
In his Reddit post, Lindenberger goes on to ask for help figuring out how to get vaccinated. He got more than 1,000 responses. His post joins similar ones from other unvaccinated teenagers trying to get their shots, despite their parentsʼ beliefs.
At a time of widespread measles outbreaks in the Pacific Northwest, causing Washington state Gov. Jay Inslee to declare a state of emergency, more minors are raising questions about whether they can provide their own consent to get vaccines.
According to the CDC, for month of January this year, measles have been confirmed in 10 states, with the agency monitoring other outbreaks in New York state and New York City.
Growing up, Lindenberger said he listened to what his mom told him about how vaccines were bad and carried negative side effects. He thought it was normal to not receive vaccines.
But then in school, Lindenberger got pulled out of class and asked by educators to get vaccinated. He talked with friends and realized all of them had been vaccinated, but that he didnʼt even know what a flu shot felt like. He saw more and more anti-vaccination debates popping up on social media. Slowly, he started to question what his mother had told him.
So, he did some research of his own.
"When I started looking into it myself, it became very apparent that there was a lot more evidence in defense of vaccinations, in their favor," Lindenberger told NPRʼs Scott Simon on Weekend Edition.
After researching, Lindenberger tried to confront his mother, approaching her with an article from the CDC about how vaccines donʼt cause autism.
"Her response was simply ʼthatʼs what they want you to think,ʼ " he said. "I was just blown away that you know, the largest health organization in the entire world would be written off with a kind of conspiracy theory-like statement like that."
Despite repeated efforts to debate vaccination with his mother and show her the impact of the anti-vaccination movement on public health, Lindenberger has been unable to change her mind. But his own mind was made up: he was going to get vaccinated.
Lindenberger recently received his first round of shots — for diseases such as HPV, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and influenza. It has caused some stress in his Norwalk, Ohio home, where he lives with both of his parents.
"My mom had always known I disagreed with her and figured that was going to pass, but it didnʼt," he said. "She looked at it as me getting vaccines for a gesture of rebellion and not for my own sake and for the sake of people around me."
In an interview with the science magazine Undark, Lindenbergerʼs mother said that his decision to get vaccinations felt like an insult and called it "a slap in the face."
Since heʼs now legally an adult, Lindenbergerʼs mother cannot stop him from getting the vaccinations. For minors who want to get their shots, it can be trickier, since there are no federal laws regulating the issue. Instead, a minorʼs ability to get vaccinated varies depending on state laws. In many cases, 18 is the requirement to get medical procedures without a parentʼs consent.
Though she canʼt control his decision, Lindenberger said his mother still tries to convince him not to continue with vaccinations.
While he doesnʼt question his motherʼs love, Lindenberger said he questions her judgement. He has more shots scheduled for later this month.
NPRʼs Denise Guerra contributed to this report and produced this story for broadcast.
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HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19102399
Posted by WisNorCan (karma: 1650)
Post stats: Points: 81 - Comments: 79 - 2019-02-07T02:24:30Z
#HackerNews #measles #outbreak #state #the #washington
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