Items tagged with: arabia
Deadly end of Saudistan is at the corner!
Even if they pretend to do, Saudis don’t control anything.
They were installed as gangster puppets to accept the Zionist entity in Palestine, because the former ruler of the area around the holy towns the top leader of the Hashemite family Sherif Ali rejected to sing a document which was presented by the British colonialists. So they engaged and supplied the Saudi desert pirates to conquer the whole territory and tolerate the #Zionist entity.
How #Zionism helped create the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – Mondoweiss
Based on that the Saudi gangster dictatorship over Arabia is a sibling of Zionist gangster entity in Palestine.
However, the Saudi never were out of control. They remained always the puppet gangster of the imperial complex. So when the empire left London and took its new place in New York, the Saudi were taken over by the USA.
Now the Saudi power fully depends on undeterred #water delivery by the imperial corporations and nuclear fracking of #oil and #gas by supply imperial #nuclear devices.
The oil and gas don’t come out without #fracking anymore. The #Saudi have to finance the #Climate #Geoengineering corporations and also buy weapons for billions of Dollars to supply 100 thousand of terrorist mercenaries to create havoc in #Libya, #Syria, #Iraq, #Somalia, #Afghanistan and #Yemen.
All that spending have brought the Saudi, the Emirati and also the Qatari dictator entities to the brink of bankruptcy.
IMF Says Saudi Arabia Could Be Bankrupt By 2020
“They’re still hooked on oil,” noted one analyst. Another warned: “It remains to be seen if they are doing enough to deal with the current economic reality facing the country.”
The Zionists tried to buy out ARAMCO for 2Trillion from the Saudi, but they did not fall into this trap yet, but this sword is still looming over them.
The Truth About Aramco’s $2 Trillion Valuation
They had to get indebted first time in their history.
Saudi #Arabia sets record with mammoth $17.5 billion bond issue
Because they Saudi and Emirati are at the corner, they are so aggressive against neighboring countries. They started to bombard Yemen, when they feared to lose control on the Yemeni airspace, which is last part of the water delivery corridor by Climate Geoengineering from the #Indian #Ocean.
The Saudi don’t have a refuge, when the USA stop to protect them. There is no place on Earth where the Saudi will be accepted as #asylum seekers.
They are lost and they are nearly dead. That is the reason they already kill each other.
Learn more about that!
Why #Saudi #Qatar #UAE are attacking #Syria #Yemen & #Iraq?
Coordinates of #WATER #THEFT!
#Somalia in Focus of #ClimateControl! Tropospheric water bridge of #ClimateControl!
#ClimateControl hub #Yemen! The importance of #Yemeni airspace for #water transfer to #Saudi #Arabia!
Geopolitics of #Turkey, #Russia, #Israel, #USA and #Europe in #Syria, #Iraq and #Yemen!
#fracking #farming #SRM #FightClimateControl #ClimateControl #EarthSystemGovernance
look at these images of the skylines of #AbuDhabi and #Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. If You are not yet aware of the dimensions of the investments there, this may give you a hint.
This is at the border of a deadly dry #desert under #natural conditions.
So in what did the sheikhs and the corporations trust?
What do they need the most in the desert?
The answer is #WATER WATER and WATER!
Water supplied by #Climate #Geoengineering to increase and extend the oil and gas production by #Nuclear #Fracking the underground (#Underground #Geoengineering).
In addition to that they get enough water to also build a huge desert #farming and #food #industry.
#BigMoney #BigOil #BigPower #BigCrime #BigFood
Desert pirates have become gang members of a global Geoengineering #Crime Gang!
Why #Saudi #Qatar #UAE are attacking #Syria #Yemen & #Iraq?
#fracking #farming #SRM #FightClimateControl #ClimateControl #EarthSystemGovernance #Saudi #Arabia #USA #Dollar #Petrodollar
This huge amount of #water is brought to the #Arabian Peninsula by measures of #Climate #Geoengineering.
This water is required for #fracking of #oil and #gas and large scale #desert #farming.
Why #Saudi #Qatar #UAE #USA #UK #France are attacking #Syria #Yemen & #Iraq?
#fracking #farming #SRM #FightClimateControl #ClimateControl #EarthSystemGovernance
Main method of this war is geophysical warfare!
People who die by measures of #Climate #Geoengineering are not the same who profit from grabbing of this #water!
Wake up and observe what is going on in this world. This example is the impact of water delivery to #Saudi #Arabia for #fracking of #oil and gas and large scale #desert #farming.
Library Of Congress releases 155 digitalised Persian manuscrips
To wish you a Nowruz Pirouz, the library has made 155 rare Persian manuscripts, lithographs, and books dating back to the 13th century available online for the first time. The collection of illuminated manuscripts includes texts such as the Shahnameh, an epic poem about pre-Islamic Persia likened to the Iliad or the Odyssey, along with written accounts of the life of Shah Jahan, the 17th-century Mughal emperor who oversaw construction of the Taj Mahal. Other manuscripts focus on religion, philosophy, and science. Some are written in multiple languages, with passages in Arabic and Turkish. This wide range highlights just how cosmopolitan the collection is.
Most of the collection was acquired by the library during the 1930s, from Kirkor Minassian, an art dealer. Around 40 items were showcased in 2014, just before the digitization process began, with a special focus on materials that are too fragile for display. The project is almost entirely done; there are just 15 or so manuscripts left to get the digital treatment. The idea is that putting all of these materials up together will help connect past and present.
#MiddleEast #Persia #Iran #India #CentralAsia #Culture #Literature #Fiction #CulturalTreasure #History #Science #Religion #Manuscript #Arabia #Arabic #Indian #Turkic
Google reviewed the app — called Absher — and ruled that it does not violate any agreements, and therefore will remain on Google Play.
Article word count: 511
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19291458
Posted by SirLJ (karma: 3238)
Post stats: Points: 106 - Comments: 32 - 2019-03-02T22:11:24Z
#HackerNews #app #arabia #google #government #refuses #remove #saudi #siding #tracking #with #women
Google has declined to remove from its app store a Saudi government app which lets men track women and control where they travel, on the grounds that it meets all their terms and conditions.
Google reviewed the app — called Absher — and concluded that it does not violate any agreements, and can therefore remain on the Google Play store.
The decision was communicated by Google to the office of Rep. Jackie Speier, a California Democrat who, with other members of Congress, wrote last week to demand they remove the service.
Google did not respond to a request for comment on the decision.
INSIDER last month reported how Absher — an all-purpose app which Saudis use to interact with the state — offers features which allow Saudi men to grant and rescind travel permission for women, and to set up SMS alerts for when women use their passports.
From left to right, Appleʼs Tim Cook, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and Google CEO Sundar Pichai. Reuters
Rep. Speier and 13 colleagues in Congress wrote to Google CEO Sundar Pichai and Apple CEO Tim Cook on February 21, demanding that the app be removed.
They and gave a deadline of Thursday 28 February to explain why the app is hosted on Google Play.
Read more: Saudi Arabia tried to justify its app that lets men control where women travel amid a firestorm of criticism
The 14 — including Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib, Katherine Clark, and Jackie Speier — said that Google and Apple are "accomplices in the oppression of Saudi Arabian women" for hosting the app.
A composite image of Ilhan Omar (L) and Rashida Tlaib (R) who called Apple and Google "accomplices in the oppression of Saudi Arabian women." AP/Getty
Apple told Speierʼs office on Thursday they are still reviewing Absher, following calls from Senator Ron Wyden for them to "stop stalling" and make a decision.
Apple has also not responded to a request for comment from INSIDER.
Rep. Speier told INSIDER: "The responses received so far from Apple and Google are deeply unsatisfactory."
"As of today, the Absher app remains available in both the Apple App store and the Google Play Store even though they can easily remove it."
On this Absher form guardians can say where women can go, how long for, and which airports they can go to. Absher
"Not only do they have the capability to take action, they have done so previously with the removal of the Living Hope Ministries app, which encouraged users to ʼconvertʼ LGBTQ individuals, based on its ability to cause harm."
"Facilitating the detention of women seeking asylum and fleeing abuse and control unequivocally causes harm. I will be following up on this issue with my colleagues," Rep. Speier said.
Google Playʼs app developer terms of service state:
"We donʼt allow apps that promote violence, or incite hatred against individuals or groups based on race or ethnic origin, religion, disability, age, nationality, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or any other characteristic that is associated with systemic discrimination or marginalization."
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 81 - Loop: 86 - Rank min: 60 - Author rank: 22
The #Desert of #Arabia is full of #water.
It is delivered by measures of #Climate #Geoengineering and used there for #industrial #desert #farming and #fracking of #oil and #gas.!
CONNECT THE DOTS!
See with Your mind, what Your eyes cannot ignore!
On Saudi-Arabia and its allies
China is already Saudi Arabia's biggest trading partner, and across Asia this week political, religious and ideological differences proved no barrier to doing business. No leader mentioned Khashoggi.
The two countries also have "a lot of synergy," says Fulton. Xi is trying to push his Belt and Road initiative, under which huge amounts of Chinese trade will pass through the Red Sea that borders Saudi Arabia on its way to Europe. The Crown Prince wants to promote his own Vision 2030 economic plan, which would benefit from Chinese investment and technology transfer.
"When you lock up your country's billionaires in the Ritz Carlton it doesn't reassure foreign capital that their investment will be safe," he adds, referring to the detention of high profile Saudi royals at the five-star hotel in Riyadh in an alleged corruption sweep in 2017.
#SaudiArabia #SA #Khashoggi #JamalKhashoggi #News #Politics #Pakistan #Europe #China #PRChina #MBS #MrBoneSaw #MohammedBinSalman #AlSaud #Arabia #MiddleEast #Oil #FossilFuels #Autocracy #Authoritarianism
Desert locusts haunting Egypt and Saudi-Arabia
(Speaking of the seven deadly plagues that were haunting Egypt after the Egyptian pharaoh didn't leave Moses' people go; we had a pink-coloured sea in Melbourne (close enough to red), and now we have a locust plague in Egypt. What's next, God? The death of the firstborn children? Come on, this ain't funny in the book either, and completely exaggerated)
“These locusts are normally present in low numbers in the desert and don’t cause a big problem. But following a large rainfall they can quickly multiply, eventually forming hopper bands or swarms of adults, composed of billions of individual locusts,” Cressman told The Media Line.
“Once they get into rain-fed crops on the edge of the desert, grown by poor farmers, they’re eating an entire livelihood, and then they move into the country and affect national food supplies,” he emphasized.
The FAO Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Central Region (CRC), composed of 16 member countries, is convening a meeting in Jordan over the next few days to review the current situation and coordinate efforts to protect crops from “the world’s most dangerous migratory pest.”
#Arabia #SaudiArabia #Egypt #MiddleEast #News #NaturalHazard #NaturalCatastrophe #DesertLocust #Farming #GlobalWarming #ClimateChange #Bible #TheHolyFuckingBible #BiblicalPlague #Christianity
Shefita - the controversial, yet probable Israeli choice for Eurovision Song Contest
Shefita, otherwise known as Rotem Shefi, is the glammed up singer currently sweeping “HaKochav Haba,” the reality singing competition from Keshet based on the Rising Star franchise.
But Shefita, or Shefi, is 100 percent Jewish, born and raised in the northern city of Carmiel. According to Mako, her father is of Ashkenazi background and her mother is of Yemenite origin, so she may be familiar with Arabic from her grandparents or mother, though that’s not been confirmed.
When it was posted to YouTube, not everyone loved the concept, and some accused Shefi of appropriating Arab culture. Shefi has said in interviews that she did not intend any disrespect or undermining.
Sounds like only SJWs were decrying her. Or maybe I am mistaken, who knows. If someone knows, he or she may feel asked to tell me in the comments.
#Israel #EurovisionSongContest #News #Music #Shefita #CulturalAppropriation #Jewry #Yemen #Arabia
«Dutchman's Golden Age» exhibition in Abu Dhabi
“The sketch is part of a group in which Rembrandt was looking for the right profile for depicting Jesus in a humanistic way,” says Rose-Marie Mousseaux, the chief curator of the museum. “You can see the intensity throughout the composition, and you can really feel it when you stand in front of the painting.”
Dutch Golden Age painting describes roughly a century of phenomenal artistic production, when Rembrandt, Vermeer, Frans Hals, and others, took to capturing the domestic surroundings and the social life of a country transformed by global trade. The painters worked to a high standard of naturalism, executing both history paintings and, influenced by Italian painting, Biblical and mythological scenes.
#Art #Painting #Rembrandt #Hals #FransHals #Vermeer #News #Culture #Netherlands #AbuDhabi #UAE #Arabia
Pope Francis visits UAE - LIVE coverage
After his meeting with Sheikh Mohamed, Pope Francis signed the ‘Book of Honour’ and presented the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi with a framed medallion depicting a historic meeting between two key figures in Islam and Christianity.
He, along with Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, discussed with the Pope "enhancing cooperation, consolidating dialogue, tolerance, human coexistence & important initiatives to achieve peace, stability and development for peoples and societies," according to this tweet...
#News #Religion #PopeFrancis #Catholic #Cooperation #Religion #UAE #Arabia #UnitedArabEmirates #Visit #Islam #Christianity #Coexist
Men in Saudi Arabia have near-total control where women travel. INSIDER investigated the government's Absher website, which can help them do it.
Article word count: 2915
HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19055182
Posted by myinnerbanjo (karma: 3494)
Post stats: Points: 135 - Comments: 44 - 2019-02-01T16:02:26Z
\#HackerNews #arabia #away #database #online #running #runs #saudi #stop #them #track #women
Shahad al-Mohaimeed got up at midnight to leave her hotel room overlooking the blue water of Trabzon, a Turkish vacation town on the Black Sea. Her family picked the hilly, historic port because it offered a seaside break, but within an Islamic society.
Creeping barefoot out of the bedroom, al-Mohaimeed gathered her familyʼs credit cards, keys, passports, and, crucially, their phones. This would slow them down, she thought, when they tried to follow her.
Her escape had taken a year of planning.
The Turkish city of Trabzon overlooks the Black Sea. Shahad al-Mohaimeed and her family had come here to visit an alternate Islamic society, she told us. Getty
Standing on the road outside the hotel she panicked at the silence. It was the first time in her life she had been outside on her own.
It was also the first time since she was 10 that she had not woken up and put on a full-body covering, either a burqa or a niqab.
"I was 17 and I was so scared, so, so, scared," she recalls. "I left at midnight, and the night was so dark. I was scared of my brother and my family."
Until that moment, al-Mohaimeed had spent the entire 17 years of her life almost constantly in the physical presence of a male guardian, in accordance with the system enshrined in Saudi law.
ʼWhen we decide to leave, we decide to put our lives on the line. Because if we donʼt succeed, our families are going to kill us.ʼ
Her routine was mechanical: wake, school, home, sleep, repeat, she said. Donʼt talk to, or look at, any man you are not related to. The Quran deemed it indecent, she was told, and her father considered it worthy of a beating.
Under her fatherʼs guardianship, she watched her teen brother spend a $1,600 monthly allowance as he pleased, while she begged for money to buy the most basic products. "I couldnʼt even buy anything for my period," she said. "It was my brother who paid for it, all the time, and he was younger than me."
Shahad al-Mohaimeed often had to beg for money, while her father lavished her brother. NOS
al-Mohaimeedʼs mother couldnʼt access money she earned at her job either, she said. She didnʼt have a bank account. Her husband took it because, in his view, she wasnʼt worthy of having her own property. Reflecting on her past life, al-Mohaimeed said bluntly: "Thatʼs bulls---."
Speaking with INSIDER, al-Mohaimeed described frequent physical abuse from a father who she said regularly threatened to kill her. Infractions like being seen in the company of men who werenʼt family would be punished with having her wrists and ankles bound with rope. "My family are an abusive family," she said.
"There is no support for the beaten," she said, "even when itʼs reported, police are always on the manʼs side."
Women who get caught running away from the country are regularly never seen again. There are rumors that some have been killed — a prospect al-Mohaimeed saw as all too real.
Shahad al-Mohaimeed was 17 when she ran away. NOS
"When we decide to leave," she said, "we decide to put our lives on the line. Because if we donʼt succeed, our families are going to kill us. Itʼs shameful to have a daughter leave."
INSIDER has not been able to contact al-Mohaimeedʼs relatives to ask them about her account.
A sprawling database of women in Saudi Arabia that men use to bar them from travel
As well as physical restrictions and social pressure, al-Mohaimeed had to navigate a sophisticated online system to escape. Her fatherʼs phone — the one she stole that night in Trabzon — would have given him access to a Saudi government system called "Absher."
Absher means "the preacher" in Arabic. It is the state-run system that contains the online expression of Saudi Arabiaʼs restrictive male-guardianship laws.
The login page of the iOS Absher app in Arabic, asking for a government ID and password. Using Absher, men can do many tasks, including paying parking fines as well as granting women under their guardianship permission to travel. Absher
The Absher system — little-discussed in Western media — contains a log of women in Saudi Arabia and the means to bar them from travel or catch them trying to leave without permission.
Many of Absherʼs functions are benign and would not be out of place in any local or national government online portal. You can use it to pay parking fines or renew a driverʼs license.
Vitally, Saudi men can also use this site to specify when and where women are allowed to fly out of the country and grant or revoke travel permission with a few clicks, rendering specific airports or destinations off-limits.
Men can also enable an automatic SMS feature, which texts them when a woman uses her passport at a border crossing or airport check-in.
The reason al-Mohaimeed waited for the vacation in Turkey is that she would have little chance of escaping from within Saudi Arabia, where borders are integrated with the Absher alert system.
Any attempt to leave would be blocked as soon as her passport was checked at an airport. Even if she were to make it out, she would leave a digital trail making her easy to find.
Nearly two years on, Shahad al-Mohaimeed paces through her new home. NOS
At least 1,000 women try to flee Saudi Arabia each year, and experts told INSIDER the text alerts had enabled many men to catch family members before they make it out.
Getting around this system has become a critical step for women like al-Mohaimeed who try to run away from Saudi Arabia.
INSIDER decided to investigate after a flood of interest in Saudi female refugees. The spike was prompted by 18-year-old Rahaf Mohammed, whose flight from the kingdom to Thailand became a viral phenomenon.
We have made repeated attempts to contact the Saudi authorities for comment on the system, both directly to the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and via the Saudi embassies in London and Washington.
At the time of publication, none had responded.
The Saudi teenager Rahaf al-Qunun arriving at Toronto Pearson International Airport on January 11 after her wild escape documented on Twitter came to an end. Reuters
ʼI have 4 hours to leave Turkey before they wake upʼ
Outside the hotel in Turkey, al-Mohaimeed hoped to find a taxi to take her to the airport, but there were none. So she walked to the nearby hospital to call one. She would board a flight to Australia, she hoped — or anywhere but Saudi Arabia. "I have four hours to leave Turkey before they wake up," she remembers thinking.
Once she was inside a taxi, it took 20 minutes to reach the local airport, an airstrip offering mostly domestic Turkish flights.
Only at the check-in area did she realize there were no departures until 8 a.m. It would not be enough time.
The Turkish border with Georgia was 113 miles away, via a scenic highway hugging the Black Sea. The former Soviet state, which does not require a visa for Saudi citizens, was the only option she had left. She found another taxi, paid for the ride, and a couple of hours later was handing over her passport to the police at the border, and hoping.
Border guards looked from her face to the passport, and then again. For 15 minutes they kept al-Mohaimeed waiting. "Oh my God, what could happen now?" she recalls thinking.
"It was really a matter of life or death," she told INSIDER. "And when they let me in I was so surprised. I was going to ask them: Really?"
al-Mohaimeed walked into the town from there, but she does not remember its name. She went to sleep locked in a public bathroom.
From there she caught a ride to Tbilisi, the Georgian capital, and found a room in the city with somebody she met. Her plan was to ask for an Australian tourist visa, which can be applied for online.
She was rejected.
Meanwhile, she knew Saudi diplomatic staff members were looking for her, and Interpol had already come calling to her flatmate.
How Absher works
INSIDER spoke with activists and Saudi refugees about Absher, the computer system that makes fleeing directly from Saudi Arabia so difficult. We also obtained screenshots from the site that show how it works.
Absher is Arabic by default, but it can also be accessed in English.
This image shows the main Absher dashboard where male Saudi guardians add "dependents," meaning women and children:
The Absher homepage, which shows how many women you are guardian of and how many children you have. It also stores much of your day-to-day information. Absher
"Total Dependents Inside" refers to women (and children) who are inside Saudi Arabia.
"Total Dependents Outside" refers to women outside Saudi Arabia, like those studying abroad at a university or on vacation.
A second screenshot, from deeper inside the website, shows a screen for managing travel permissions.
Men can specify numerous journeys women are allowed to take or specify a time period in which they can travel.
On this form guardians can say where women can go, how long for, and which airports they can go to. Absher
Four options are displayed for travel permissions:
\* A single journey anywhere. \* A single journey between two specific airports. \* Multiple journeys. \* Permission to travel until the passport expires (a maximum of five years).
Before Absher, Saudi women needed a paper consent form with a guardianʼs signature, known as a "yellow slip," to pass through customs.
Absher digitized the system, which can give a detailed readout of every journey somebody has made. (Men can view their own travel history as well as those of children and women in their family.)
Hereʼs a screenshot of the passport section on Absher that shows the travel log of a registered passport.
A list of journeys taken on a passport, clearly listed on Absher. Absher
The alert system is one of the main reasons women trying to flee Saudi Arabia get caught, because it tips their guardians off while they can still be apprehended, according to Dr. Taleb al-Abdulmohsen, a Saudi refugee who fled to Germany.
Adam Coogle, a Middle East researcher for Human Rights Watch, also told INSIDER about the SMS alerts and corroborated al-Abdulmohsenʼs story.
When the messages were made compulsory in 2012, Saudis criticized them on social media. The Saudi author and journalist Badriya al-Bishr said: "The authorities are using technology to monitor women. This is technology used to serve backwardness in order to keep women imprisoned." Nonetheless, they continued.
INSIDER located copies of several alerts sent by the Ministry of Interior, which were shared in 2012 when the system was still a novelty.
They all display on phone screens as coming from MOIJawazat. MOI stands for Ministry of Interior, and Jawazat is the name of the Saudi passport and visa office.
This one alerted a guardian that a Saudi businesswoman named Sarah al-Ayed had used her passport to leave Saudi Arabia by plane.
It says: "Sarah number ##### departed from King Abdulaziz Airport on 12-11-2012."
Sarahʼs guardian was also alerted to another journey she made later in November from the same airport.
This message, sent to Hassan al-Hashemi about his wife Muna, says: "Muna left king AbdulAziz airport on 14-11-2012. Number ****3551."
And this one, sent to a man named Khalid al-Shnanah says: "Exit permit for Sala number ***7698 expires 25-11-2012." This most likely refers to permission a guardian gave to a women to travel for a fixed amount of time.
This string of four messages documents two women, called Danah and Fatima, both listed as dependents under a guardianʼs page on Absher, leaving and returning to Saudi Arabia from Bahrain over the King Fahad causeway bridge.
The messages say:
Danah (number 8010) has exited via the King Fahad causeway on 07/11/2012 Fatima (number 4734) has exited via the King Fahad causeway on 07/11/2012 Fatima (number 4734) has entered via the King Fahad causeway on 07/11/2012 Danah (number 8010) has entered through the King Fahad causeway on 07/11/2012
In response to criticism posted on social media, the government made SMS alerts optional in 2014. Later that year officials claimed to have suspended them, but many believe the system still operates.
Coogle, of Human Rights Watch, told INSIDER: "The text alerts are still happening and thatʼs why they find out so quickly" when women try to escape. Two other experts corroborated this.
Fooling the system
Everyone knows about Absher in Saudi Arabia, al-Abdulmohsen said, and young women are now using a common technique to try to escape.
Saudi women steal their guardianʼs phone, reset the password, and get a new one in minutes, he said. A few seconds later they have given themselves permission to leave.
"But this is dangerous. If the guardian is thorough, he will regularly check the status of his dependents," he said.
Shahad al-Mohaimeed, the Saudi refugee who spoke with INSIDER about her escape from Turkey, says she now gives advice to those planning to flee, particularly on getting travel permission and avoiding the MOIJawazat SMS alerts.
"Steal the fatherʼs phone one night before they fly to make sure itʼs working," she said from her new home. "Sometimes it doesnʼt work, or the father has his phone with him all the time, so some girls canʼt."
Leaving Saudi Arabia through an official checkpoint is a risk. This is the Abu Samra border crossing to Saudi Arabia from Qatar. Reuters
Another Saudi refugee, who used only the first name Salwa, told the BBC she used this technique to flee the kingdom.
Yasmine Mohammed, a prominent womenʼs-rights commentator, told INSIDER some women changed the phone number linked to their guardianʼs Absher account so the alert SMS message would come to their phone instead.
This page on Absher shows how to cancel travel permissions on a dependentʼs passport:
A page on Absher where a guardian can see which permissions are active and easily change them if needed. Absher
Even after navigating the technical side, the journey remains difficult and risky.
Refugees, including Rahaf Mohammed, cite the case of Dina Ali Lasloom, who made it to the Philippines in April 2017 but was apprehended by her family and taken back.
About a week after she was caught, Bloomberg reported she was being held in a Saudi correctional facility. Her current whereabouts are unknown.
ʼSocial media is showing women getting out, smiling, survivingʼ
Despite cautionary tales like this, the support networks between women are strengthening, and escape attempts are on the rise, the experts told INSIDER.
al-Abdulmohsen told INSIDER there were numerous forums and groups where women and girls shared tips for escaping.
"There used to be no girls paying attention to asylum, now they all know about asylum, and they know about escape plans," he said.
"Now they have more chance of being accepted abroad and have more knowledge of the process and evidence to get asylum."
Yasmine Mohammed, the womenʼs-rights commentator, agrees.
"Social media is showing women getting out, smiling, surviving, happy, encouraging other women to get out," she told INSIDER. "Itʼs falsifying the rhetoric Saudi women have been hearing all these years."
Rahaf al-Qunun, the 18-year-old Saudi woman who fled her family, at the COSTI Corvetti Education Centre in Toronto. REUTERS/Mark Blinch
More than 1,000 women flee Saudi Arabia each year, Mansour al-Askar of the Imam Muhammad ibn Saud University told The Economist in May 2017.
Read more: Q&A: The hurdles and obstacles Saudi women runaways face
Within Saudi Arabia, guardianship laws are also changing, but very slowly.
As long ago as 2013, Saudi Arabia told the UN it would abolish the male-guardianship system and all discrimination against women.
They have made some changes, according to Human Rights Watch. These include no longer requiring women to provide a guardianʼs permission to work or needing to bring a male relative to identify them in court.
In April 2017, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman told all Saudi government agencies that women should not be blocked from getting government services because they donʼt have guardian consent, unless regulations require it.
Life is hard, but she cannot go back
It has been two years since Shahad al-Mohaimeed left her hotel in Turkey and ran away from her family.
In Tbilisi, al-Mohaimeed met another refugee, who had also fled from a strict Islamic country. Through this connection, she was put in touch with human-rights activists, who referred her to the UN. She was granted refugee status and, ultimately, a home in Sweden.
She declined to give a precise location, citing safety concerns.
Now, al-Mohaimeed goes to school every day and has a part-time job. She describes Sweden as "a good place" but says living without a family is hard.
But she cannot go back. Even as a 12-year-old, al-Mohaimeed struggled to see the logic in believing God would punish her for exercising freedom of thought. "I didnʼt belong to this life," she said. "I hated it with all my heart."
She worries about her friends back in Saudi Arabia, some of whom she says are detained in what Saudis know as "protection houses," the same sort of facility that reportedly now houses Dina Ali Lasloom.
"Iʼm still sacrificing by living here in Sweden," she said. "But itʼs now who I am. I have seen a lot of things and itʼs what has made me. I can deal with anyone."
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